The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence


Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence book. Happy reading The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence Pocket Guide.
ADVERTISEMENT

Introducing Psychology.

The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence

Psychology as a Science Learning Objectives. Why Psychologists Rely on Empirical Methods. Levels of Explanation in Psychology. Early Psychologists. Structuralism: Introspection and the Awareness of Subjective Experience. Functionalism and Evolutionary Psychology. Psychodynamic Psychology. Social-Cultural Psychology.

Measuring Intelligence: Standardization and the Intelligence Quotient

Chapter Summary. Psychological Science Psychological Journals. The Scientific Method. Laws and Theories as Organizing Principles. The Research Hypothesis. Ensuring That Research Is Ethical.

The first intelligence tests used in the field of psychology

Threats to the Validity of Research. The Old Brain: Wired for Survival.

Functions of the Cortex. Recording Electrical Activity in the Brain. Seeing Learning Objectives. Perceiving Color. Perceiving Form. Perceiving Depth. Hearing Learning Objectives. The Ear. Tasting, Smelling, and Touching Learning Objectives. Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Perception Learning Objectives. Video Clip: Selective Attention. States of Consciousness An Unconscious Killing. Sleep Stages: Moving Through the Night. Sleep Disorders: Problems in Sleeping.

The Heavy Costs of Not Sleeping.


  1. IV. - The aims and methods of factorial analysis;
  2. Navigation menu.
  3. Human Intelligence: H. J. Eysenck;
  4. SAGE Reference - Assessing Intelligence: Past, Present, and Future?
  5. IN ADDITION TO READING ONLINE, THIS TITLE IS AVAILABLE IN THESE FORMATS:.
  6. The Gilded Nightmare (Pierre Chambrun Mystery, Book 5).

Opioids: Opium, Morphine, Heroin, and Codeine. Meditation Video Clip: Try Meditation.

Theories of intelligence - Processing the Environment - MCAT - Khan Academy

The Zygote. The Embryo. The Fetus. Cognitive Development During Childhood. Video Clip: Object Permanence. Social Development During Childhood. Physical Changes in Adolescence. Cognitive Development in Adolescence. Social Development in Adolescence.

Intelligence quotient - Wikipedia

Cognitive Changes During Aging. Pavlov Demonstrates Conditioning in Dogs. The Persistence and Extinction of Conditioning. Observational Learning: Learning by Watching.


  • The structure and measurement of intelligence..
  • SAGE Reference - Assessing Intelligence: Past, Present, and Future.
  • Race and Social Problems: Restructuring Inequality.
  • Using Classical Conditioning in Advertising. Remembering and Judging. Differences between Brains and Computers. Video Clip: Kim Peek. Explicit Memory. Sensory Memory. Schematic Processing: Distortions Based on Expectations. Heuristic Processing: Availability and Representativeness.

    Salience and Cognitive Accessibility. Intelligence and Language. General g Versus Specific s Intelligences. Measuring Intelligence: Standardization and the Intelligence Quotient. The Biology of Intelligence. Is Intelligence Nature or Nurture? Psychology in Everyday Life: Emotional Intelligence. Extremes of Intelligence: Retardation and Giftedness. Extremely Low Intelligence. Extremely High Intelligence. Sex Differences in Intelligence.

    Testing the Critical Period Hypothesis. Learning Language. Bilingualism and Cognitive Development. Can Animals Learn Language? Video Clip: Language Recognition in Bonobos.

    Measuring Intelligence: Standardization and the Intelligence Quotient

    Emotions and Motivations. Video Clip: The Basic Emotions. The Negative Effects of Stress. McDougall now started planning in some detail the scheme of tests for the British Association survey. A year or two later, Dr. Spearman who had also returned to this country from Wundt's laboratory began, in consultation with McDougall, a set of experiments at one or two village schools near Oxford.

    Spearman's investigation 3 was modelled. In selecting his tests, his ' guiding principle ', he tells us, was " the opposite of that of Binet ". Instead of " the French procedure of directly handling complex processes " he preferred " the older German procedure of dealing solely with elementary mental processes ". Instead of using verbal or written tests for higher mental functions, he considered that the proper approach would be to employ laboratory methods for measuring the simplest and most fundamental function of all.

    But how was this fundamental function to be conceived? At that date most psychologists who believed in a single cognitive factor were inclined to suggest that attention was the most essential factor. Spearman, on the other hand, here as elsewhere, preferred to follow the views of the Spencerian branch of the associa tionist school; and, with Bain and Sully, contended that discrimination was the essential process.

    Accordingly, he considered it sufficient to employ three laboratory tests for sense-discrimination only. Intelligence itself was assessed by examination marks and by ratings supplied by teachers. The figures obtained were very similar to those of Wissler. The correlations for the psychological tests were low; those for school marks were high. However, developing a suggestion of Wissler's, he proceeded to calculate the precision or ' reliability ' of the several tests by repeating each twice and calculating the correlations between the two results.

    He then ' corrected ' the ' raw ' correlations for unreliability; and thus obtained a hypothetical correlation between sensory discrimination, on the one hand, and intelligence, on the other, amounting to approximately 1. He therefore concluded that this ' fundamental function ' of general intelligence was sufficient to account for all the observed data, and that the influence of ' special abilities ' as Galton had termed them must be ' vanishingly minute '; they were, he held, merely a fictitious relic of the old-fashioned faculty doctrine. There was only one fundamental cognitive. To obtain an "objective measurement " of intelligence, instead of using what he termed " a hotchpot of tests, like that proposed by Binet ", he claimed that the " single monotonous act of discrimination " — such as is provided by " a few minutes' test with a monochord " pitch-discrimination — " has unrivalled advantages ".

    The conclusion which Spearman thus put forward departed widely from that reached by other workers who had used a similar technique Wissler, Thorndike, and McDougall's own pupils. Moreover, it was based on extremely few tests 3 at most and extremely few children 22 in the largest group.

    PERSONALITY AND THE MEASUREMENT OF INTELLIGENCE

    Not unnaturally therefore his claims at once aroused the sharpest criticism. Pearson attacked the mathematical formulae ; Thorndike the experimental procedure. Indeed, Thorndike declared that it would be more reasonable to " replace Spearman's statement by the equally extravagant one that there is nothing whatever common to all mental functions ". The Highest Common Factor.

    The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence
    The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence
    The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence
    The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence
    The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence
    The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence

Related The Structure and Measurement of Intelligence



Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved