Ziyaee, M. Master thesis. Journal of Cities, under publication.
Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Science Science Journal
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Ancient village, diagnostics, minimum intervention, compatibility, authenticity. Bazaar areas, folding architecture, innovative design, computation, environmental parameters Conservation Cultural identity Hagia Sophia, temporality, immortal building, place of memory Historical City Center Iranian traditional bazaar, transformation of city center. Urban skyline, environmental psychology, urban sketching, visual education, aesthetic evaluation cultural landscape regeneration urban landscape. Font Size. Current Issue. Abstract In recent decades, modernization is extensively changing the face of Iranian cities.
Keywords Cultural identity; cultural landscape; Iranian traditional bazaar, transformation of city center. Full Text: PDF. References Carmona, M. Relph, E. Place and placelessness. Pion Limited. Wilshire: Ashgate Publishing Limited. Asquith, L. Journal of Architectural Education, 63 1 , — Bennetts, H. Understanding Sustainable architecture. Bodart, M. Architecture and Sustainable Development.
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Edgu, E. Traditional Shopping: A syntactic comparison of commercial aspects in Iran and Turkey.
Greene; J. Reyes and A. Castro Eds. Eldemery, I. Housing and Building Research Center. Egypt: Ministry of Housing and Urban Utilities. Faghih, A. Thermal performance evaluation of domed roof. Energy and Buildings, 43 6 , Experimental investigation of air flow over domed roof.
Falamaki, M. Revival of buildings and cities. Tehran: Tehran University Press, Gugu, S.
Master thesis, University of Cincinnati. Guy, S. Journal of Architectural Education, 54 3 , Hanachi, P.
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In spite of the centrality of the Middle East in the history of bazaars, relatively little is known due to the lack of archaeological evidence. However, documentary sources point to permanent marketplaces in cities from as early as BCE.
Nejad has made a detailed study of early bazaars in Iran and identifies two distinct types, based on their place within the economy, namely: . In the s, Charles White described the Yessir Bazary of Constantinople in the following terms: . In the Middle East, the bazaar is considered to be "the beating heart of the city and a symbol of Islamic architecture and culture of high significance. Lar . During the 18th and 19th centuries, Europeans conquered and excavated parts of North Africa and the Levant. These regions now make up what is called the Middle East, but in the past were known as the Orient.
Europeans sharply divided peoples into two broad groups — the European West and the East or Orient ; us and the other. Europeans often saw Orientals as the opposite of Western civilisation; the peoples could be threatening- they were "despotic, static and irrational whereas Europe was viewed as democratic, dynamic and rational. This fascination with the other gave rise to a genre of painting known as Orientalism. Artists focused on the exotic beauty of the land — the markets, caravans and snake charmers. Islamic architecture also became favorite subject matter.
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European society generally frowned on nude painting — but harems, concubines and slave markets, presented as quasi-documentary works, satisfied European desires for pornographic art. The Oriental female wearing a veil was a particularly tempting subject because she was hidden from view, adding to her mysterious allure. British painter John Frederick Lewis who lived for several years in a traditional mansion in Cairo, painted highly detailed works showing realistic genre scenes of Middle Eastern life. Edwin Lord Weeks was a notable American example of a 19th-century artist and author in the Orientalism genre.
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