He who shows oneself off cannot be enlightened. He who asserts oneself is blind. He who brags oneself has no power. He who boasts oneself does not endure. Molded from the chaos, It is before the beginning of heaven and earth. Silent and formless, It is both independent and constant.
I do not know its identify, So it is called Tao, I might dare to call it the Great. Being Great, it flows. It flows far and away, then it is the return to itself. Therefore, Tao is great.
Tao Te Ching
Heaven is great, Earth is great, The ruler is great. They are four great in the universe. The ruler, the highest human follower of Tao, is one of them. The humans follow the earth.
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Earth follows heaven. Heaven follows Tao. Tao follows what is natural. The heavy is the root of the light.
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The stillness is the master of the motion. Therefore, the sage, traveling all day, Does not lose sight of the cart of provision. Although there are beautiful sights, He remains serene and unattached. Why should the lord the sage of ten thousand chariots be frivolous? A good traveler leaves no traces. A good speaker makes no slips. A good counter needs no abacus. A good closed gate needs no lock and cannot be opened. A good tying needs no knots and cannot be loosened. Therefore, the sage is always of good avail and abandons no one.
Lao-Tzu: My Words are Very Easy to Understand
He takes care of all things, and abandons no things. Therefore, the good person is the teacher for the no good disciple. The no good person disciple is of use for the good. This is the crux of the ultimate truth. On the contrary, this good is what ought to be, how a person ought to be. If you know your masculinity, And maintain yourself to be female, You will become the Valley for heaven and earth. If become the Valley for heaven and earth, You will be inseparable with the constant virtue potency , And you will returns to a new born baby.
If you know the white, And comprise the black, You become exemplary for heaven and earth. If you become exemplary for heaven and earth, You will never be against the constant virtue, And will return to the infinite principle. If you know your honor, And embrace your disgrace, You will be the Valley of heaven and earth. If you become the Valley of heaven and earth, You will be filled with the constant virtue, And will return to the uncarved block.
If the uncarved block is cut into pieces, It will become a vessel specialist. The sage employs it merely for a provincial governor. Thus the great severing cuts no pieces.. Do you intend to take over heaven and earth and govern it? I do not think that you can not do so.
Heaven and earth is a divine vessel, That you cannot govern. Should you attempt to govern it, You will ruin it. Should you try to cling to it, You will lose it. Therefore, Some go ahead, while other are following. Some breathe are easily, while other breathe hard. Some are robust, while other are feeble. Some collapse, while other become depraved.
Therefore, the sage eschews the extremes, extravagances and arrogance. Anyone who advises a ruler with Tao, He cautions not to conquer heaven and earth with force, And recommends him to return the no artificial action. For thorn bushes spring up wherever the army stations. Famine always follows the big warfare. As fruits gently ripen, The good rule is done without no artificial action, Never venture to conquer by force. Things of governing are done without boasting, Things are done without taking credit.
Things are done by following the inevitable, Things are done without force. The extravagance is soon taken over by the decline.
This is against the way of Tao, Being against Tao comes to an untimely end. Sharp weapons are instruments of curse. People always despise them. Therefore, the person who follows Tao does not come even near to them. The wise person employs the left. The person of war employs the right. Weapons are instruments of curse and not the implements of the wise. Only when there is no choice, the wise will use them. No wise values victory. If anyone values the victory, Then, he will delights in killing. If anyone delights in killing, He cannot realize what he ought to do in heaven and earth.
At a happy occasion, the left is revered.
At an adverse occasion, the right is cherished. In the army, the commander stands on the left, The vice-commander stands on the right. This means that the war is carried out like a funeral. Because so many people are killed, With sorrow, soldiers are set themselves in the battle ground, Therefore, even if the victory is won, they perform the war like a funeral. This chapter has been considered one of those in which their commentaries are mixed. It is repetitious, too explanatory. Tao is forever of no name.
Small as it may be, Tao as the uncarved block cannot be used by anyone in the universe. If kings and lords could follow it well, Ten Thousand Things will spontaneously obey them.
Tao Te Ching (book) - Theosophy Wiki
Heaven and earth would make love to each other, Sweet dew will thereby fall gently. With no decrees, people will be naturally ruled.
When the whole uncarved block is divided, The pieces become instruments and in need of their names. When there are already many names, It is also necessary to know their limitations. When their limitations are known, There are no things in danger. Tao is manifest in the universe, Like the water flows from the rivers and the valleys into Yang Ze River and ocean. A proper noun appears only in this chapter and has been considered one of the reasons for the stylistic unity of this opus.
To know others is to be wise, To know oneself is to be enlightened. To master others is to be powerful, To master oneself is to be strong. To know that one has enough is to be fertile. To devote oneself to Tao is to be resolute. To die but not to perish is to be ever present. The great Tao is omnipresent, both to the left or to the right. Ten Thousand Things depend on it, And yet it makes no speech.
Related Lao Tzu: My Words Are Very Easy to Understand: Lectures on the Tao Teh Ching
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