By AD there were seven separate kingdoms, as follows:. Kent , settled by the Jutes. This large kingdom stretched over the Midlands. Northumbria , where the monk Bede c. The Sutton Hoo ship burial was found in East Anglia see below.
Essex East Saxons. Here the famous Battle of Maldon was fought against the Vikings in The Anglo-Saxons had become a Christian people. This burial of an East Anglian king provides a rich case study from which we can draw inferences about kingship, religion, warfare, trade, craftsmanship. After , when the Vikings raided Lindisfarne Monastery, the history of the Anglo-Saxons becomes entangled with that of the Vikings.
The very fact that they invaded Britain at different times makes them two very distinct peoples in our history.
Anglo-Saxons: a brief history
Membership Contact us Support us About us. This map traces the migration of peoples to England from the Germanic regions and lower Scandinavia.
- What Glenn Thinks: A Brief History Of The Anglo-Saxons - Geoffrey Hindley - book review.
- A Short History of the Anglo-Saxons.
- You may also be interested in....
With the crumbling of the Roman Empire, its armies were withdrawn from England in the early s. This gave the Germanic tribes the opportunity to move into the British territory that they had deserted.
The Angles, Saxons, and Jutes settled there and were able to set up societies of their own, ruling themselves as they wished for about six hundred years. They brought with them their languages, social customs, and rich traditions of history and folklore--among which was the tale of Beowulf. Sutton Hoo Ship Burial, c. Speakers: Dr.
A Brief History of the Anglo-Saxons
The Anglo-Saxons were a group of farmer-warriors who lived in Britain thousands of years ago. Made up of three tribes who came over from Europe, they were called the Angle , Saxon , and Jute tribes.
They were fierce people, who fought many battles during their rule of Britain — often fighting each other! Each tribe was ruled by its own strong warrior who settled their people in different parts of the country. They left their homes in Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark and sailed over to Britain on wooden boats.
They surrounded each village with a high fence to protect cattle from wild animals like foxes and wolves, and to keep out their enemies, too! We know what Anglo-Saxon houses were like from excavations of Anglo-Saxon villages. They were small wooden huts with a straw roof, and inside was just one room in which the whole family lived, ate, slept and socialised together — much like an ancient version of open-plan living!
The biggest house in the village belonged to the chief, which was large enough to house him and all his warriors — and sometimes even the oxen, too! It was a long hall with a stone fire in the middle, and hunting trophies and battle armour hung from its walls.
A short history of the Anglo-Saxons in Britain
There were tiny windows and a hole in the roof to allow smoke to escape. Early Anglo-Saxon villages were named after the leader of the tribe so everyone knew who was in charge. Not all Roman towns were abandoned, though. Some chiefs realised that a walled city made for a great fortress, so they built their wooden houses inside the walls of Roman towns like London.
A Brief History of the Anglo-Saxons by Geoffrey Hindley | Waterstones
Meat was cooked on the fire and they ate bread, drank beer and sang songs long into the night! They grew wheat, barley and oats for making bread and porridge, grew fruit and vegetables like carrots, parsnips and apples, and kept pigs, sheep and cattle for meat, wool and milk. They were a very resourceful people — everything had its use and nothing went to waste.
Animal fat could be used as oil for lamps, knife handles could be made out of deers antlers and even glue could be made from cows. Anglo-Saxons made their own clothes out of natural materials. The men wore long-sleeved tunics made of wool or linen, often decorated with a pattern. Their trousers were woollen and held up by a leather belt from which they could hang their tools such as knives and pouches from.
Related A Brief History of the Anglo-Saxons
Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved